Volume : VI, Issue : III, March - 2017

CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY ON THE PREVALANCE OF THYROID ABNORMALITIES IN PEOPLE WITH NEWLY DIAGNOSED TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS AND PEOPLE WITHOUT DIABETES MELLITUS

Rangaswamy M, Vijayakumar N

Abstract :

 Background and objectives: To compare the prevalence and distribution of thyroid function abnormalities in people with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus and people without diabetes mellitus. Methods In this cross sectional study 194 subjects with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus and 190 subjects without diabetes mellitus were investigated for  blood sugar, free T3,free T4,TSH, total cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 16 software. The difference between various parameters was considered statistically significant when the p value was < 0.05 Results The prevalence of thyroid dysfunction was significantly higher in people with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus(23.7%) than people without diabetes mellitus(6.3%)(p value < 0.001). Prevalence of thyroid dysfunction among males is 9.94% and among females is 20.20%( p value 0.004). Among people with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus the prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism, overt hypothyroidism, subclinical hyperthyroidism, overt hyperthyroidism are 16.5%, 4.6%, 2.1%, 0.5% respectively. Among non diabetic subjects the prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism, overt hypothyroidism and subclinical hyperthyroidism are 4.7%, 1.1%, 0.5% respectively. Interpretation and Conclusions: Thyroid function abnormalities are more common in people with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus than non-diabetic subjects and the prevalence is higher in females than males. Subclinical hypothyroidism is the most common thyroid abnormality both in diabetic and non diabetic subjects.  Our study emphasis the need to check thyroid function status in people with diabetes mellitus.

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Article: Download PDF    DOI : https://www.doi.org/10.36106/gjra  

Cite This Article:

Rangaswamy M, Vijayakumar N, CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY ON THE PREVALANCE OF THYROID ABNORMALITIES IN PEOPLE WITH NEWLY DIAGNOSED TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS AND PEOPLE WITHOUT DIABETES MELLITUS, GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS : Volume-6, Issue-3, March‾2017


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