Volume : VII, Issue : II, February - 2018

OBESITY AND ITS PREVALENCE AMONG SCHOOL GOING ADOLESCENTS

Dr Pradeep Savale, Bhaskar Kurre

Abstract :

 Background:

The obesity is defined as a non communicable medical condition of abnormal or excessive fat accumulation in adipose tissue, creating an enormous socioeconomic and public health burden. Nutritional status of the Indian population varies significantly across the region. Certain regions are associated with extremely high rates of childhood under nutrition, where as others have a high prevalence of childhood over nutrition. Evaluation of obesity in children is important as it provides an opportunity to identify the problem and prevent disease progression into adulthood. Childhood obesity is associated with several risk factors for later heart disease and chronic diseases such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus etc. The present study is conducted to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in school going adolescent children.

Materials and Methods:

The present cross-sectional study is carried out in Madre and Sindkhed  area  near Solapur among  school childrenís between 10-16  years age group, during the period of June 2017.  List of children is prepared according to their age and sex from the selected schools. From this list, total 647 children were selected for study by systematic random sampling method. Anthropometric data (BMI) was analyzed using CDC growth charts. Data was analyzed using SPSS, BMI (CDC) calculator, CI calculator and OR calculator

Results:

Overall Prevalence of overweight and obesity was 4.45% and 1.27% respectively. Which is more significant in the age group if 13- 16 years (4.9% & 1.4%), and with individuals who were good with socioeconomically status (16.51% & 5.50). In both gender the prevalence of overweight and obesity was more or less same, but girls tend to be slightly overweight & obese than boys (I.e. 1.01% & 0.93%).

Conclusion:

The study revealed that obesity is an important public health issue not only in the adults but also most prevailed disease among childrenís of rural habitat. Factors such as, food habits (preference to non-vegetarian / fried food, aerated drinks), lifestyle and a family history of Type-2 diabetes mellitus are significantly associated with the development of obesity

Keywords :

Article: Download PDF    DOI : https://www.doi.org/10.36106/gjra  

Cite This Article:

Dr Pradeep Savale, Bhaskar Kurre, OBESITY AND ITS PREVALENCE AMONG SCHOOL GOING ADOLESCENTS, GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS : VOLUME-7, ISSUE-2, FEBRUARY-2018


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