Volume : V, Issue : V, May - 2016

Prevalence of Hepatitis B and C Viruses in Hemodialysis Patients in central India

T. N. Dubey, Jeetandra Sharma, Bhavishya Rathore

Abstract :

 OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to evaluate the prevalence of hepatitis B and C viruses in hemodialysis patients at Gandhi medical college and Hamidia hospital Bhopal in central India. In addition, to find out the risk factors associated with these infections. METHODS: This is a retrospective study which was carried out in dialysis units at Gandhi medical college and Hamidia hospital Bhopal in central India from January 2013 to April 2016. The notes of patients on maintenance hemodialysis were reviewed by the researchers to collect data regarding the serology status of these patients and potential risk factors which could be associated with hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infection. RESULTS: A total number of 1253 patients were included in the study from dialysis center Gandhi medical college and Hamidia hospital Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh) India. The mean age was 46.38 Years and standard deviation 14.7years , it ranged from 14 to 82years and the number of males was 685 (54.67%) while females formed 568 (45.33%) of the total sample. Most patients 735 (58.66%) were between 40 to 60 years old while 87.95% patients are included in 21 to 60years age group. 94.33% of patients received blood transfusion. The prevalence of hepatitis B and hepatitis C were 3.43% and 0.80% respectively. Age, gender, blood transfusion, past surgical and dental history was not statistically associated with increased risk of hepatitis B and C transmission. CONCLUSION The prevalence of hepatitis B in hemodialysis patient is almost similar to that of general population and Hepatitis C prevalence is still low and more measures are needed to decrease its prevalence in this cohort of patients. Although relatively low prevalence of both hepatitis B and C viruses was found in hemodialysis unit, some higher prevalence values urge for effective prevention control measures and stricter follow up procedures.

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Article: Download PDF    DOI : https://www.doi.org/10.36106/gjra  

Cite This Article:

T. N. Dubey, Jeetandra Sharma, Bhavishya Rathore Prevalence of Hepatitis B and C Viruses in Hemodialysis Patients in central India Global Journal For Research Analysis, Vol: 5, Issue : 5 MAY 2016


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