Volume : IX, Issue : III, March - 2020

Push and Pull factors of Migration: A Study of Inter-State Migrants of Hugli Industrial Belt

Rajesh Das, Dr. Snehamanju Basu

Abstract :

Migration is the periodic movement of population by eaking social and cultural ties from the original place of living. After fertility and mortality, it is the third important component of population growth or population change. The dominant theory in explaining causes of migration is the neoclassical theory which states that “migration is stimulated primarily by rational economic considerations of relative benefits and costs, mostly financial but also Psychological” (Todaro and Smith, 2006). Industrial development in India attracted the marginal population, deserted and divorcee females to be engaged as unskilled laborer. Opportunity of employment and higher wages generated the current of migration from rural to urban areas both short and long distance. Determinants like marriage, job opportunity, wages, kinship, family association, living environment, industrial growth, security, bad economic condition of the source region, loss of job, farming conditions are taken as factors of migration. To know the factors those who are reasonably explain migration under study area Factor Analysis by the method of Principal Component Analysis has been done. This is helpful to understand the correlation of variables. However, data explain that economic factors are dominating over social factor in case of unskilled inter-state labour migration within the region in early stages while social factors are main reasons of migration in later stage.

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Article: Download PDF    DOI : https://www.doi.org/10.36106/gjra  

Cite This Article:

PUSH AND PULL FACTORS OF MIGRATION: A STUDY OF INTER-STATE MIGRANTS OF HUGLI INDUSTRIAL BELT, Rajesh Das, Dr. Snehamanju Basu GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS : Volume-9 | Issue-3 | March-2020


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