Volume : IX, Issue : XI, November - 2019

Etiological Profile Of Lower Gastrointestinal Bleed In A Tertiary Care Hospital In Northern India

Bansal Arpit, Mehrotra M K, Mowar A B

Abstract :

Introduction–Lower Gastrointestinal(GI) bleeding refers to blood loss of recent onset originating from a site distal to the ligament of Treitz.1It usually presents as hematochezia i.e. passage of maroon or ight red blood or blood clots per rectum. Lower GI bleeding ( LGIB) accounts for almost 20% of all cases of acute GI bleeding.2 The etiology and the epidemiology of LGIB varies according to the environmental conditions depending upon the life style, dietary habits, the prevalence of smoking, history of drug intake, age and longevity of the population etc.2 Most of the studies pertaining to the etiologies of Lower GI bleeding are from the West. Data relating to the incidence and etiologies of Lower GI bleed in India is scarce hence this study was undertaken to identify the etiological profile of patients presenting with Lower GI bleeding in a tertiary care hospital in the northern part of India. Materials and methods– It is a Cross–sectional study done over a period of 1 year from January, 2018 to December, 2018. All the patients above 18 years of age with first presentation of Lower GI bleeding to the Department of Medicine, SRMS– IMS, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh during the period of study are included in the study. Results– A total of 232 patients meeting the inclusion criteria were included in the study. Majority of the patients were males (69.8%). Hematochezia (86%) was the most common presenting feature and was commonly associated with constipation (46%), abdominal pain (32%) and loss of weight (11%). 8% of the patients had a history of Diabetes. Alcohol consumption was seen in 17% of the patients while 26% of the patients had a history of smoking. The most common etiology of Lower GI bleed seen was Hemorrhoids (35.3%), followed by Inflammatory Bowel disease(16.3%), Malignancy(12%) and Radiation proctosigmoiditis (11.2%). Conclusion – LGIB is a common and alarming presenting condition in the practice of gastroenterology. It was found that Lower GI bleed is more common in males, usually in the 3rd to 4th decade of life and most commonly presents with hematochezia. Haemorrhoids, IBD and Malignancy were the major causes of Lower GI bleed.

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Article: Download PDF    DOI : 10.36106/ijar/6301547  

Cite This Article:

ETIOLOGICAL PROFILE OF LOWER GASTROINTESTINAL BLEED IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN NORTHERN INDIA, Bansal Arpit, Mehrotra M K, Mowar A B INDIAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH : Volume-9 | Issue-11 | November-2019


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