Volume : III, Issue : XII, December - 2013

Spatial evolution of the physico–chemical characteristics of water of the Oubéira lake imposed by the severs conditions in drought period (Extreme NE algerian)

Hac Ne Alayat, Jamal El Khattabi, Christian Lamouroux

Abstract :

The Oubeira endoreic lake, vast lake located in Algeria (36°51 N–8°23 E), at an altitude of 23 m, is subject to severe natural and anthropic constraints during the dry season, which generally begins in April and is completed in October. Due to its geometrical configuration and wind exposure, the water of the lake is well ewed within the entire water column. The first results, covering all the shallow water level, show the average mineralisation of hot moderate water, which releases CO2 in the atmosphere, an alkaline pH, higher than 8, related to intense evaporation and biological activity, in particular photosynthesis and calcite precipitation. Physicochemical measurements ought a considerable contribution to identify the individualization of two distinct water masses, one in the East and the other in the West, and the absence of limnologic layers. The conditions of the environment make organic particles degraded in the water column. Conservation of organic remains in the reducing environment, represented by the mud, is much reduced. Almost circular, the Oubeira lake has a flat bottom, generally covered with greyish mud, due to the presence of reduced iron, less than 2 m thick. The thickness of the water blade hardly exceeds 1.50 m and the maximum depth, between the surface of the lake and the substratum is about 3.50 m, in drought period.

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Article: Download PDF   DOI : 10.36106/ijar  

Cite This Article:

Hacène ALAYAT, Jamal EL KHATTABI, Christian LAMOUROUX Spatial evolution of the physico-chemical characteristics of water of the Oubéira lake imposed by the severs conditions in drought period (Extreme NE algerian) Indian Journal of Applied Research, Vol.III, Issue.XII Dec 2013


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