Volume : VI, Issue : X, October - 2016

Study of Association of Anthropometric parameters of Obesity and Blood Pressure in Hypertensive subjects in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Rubeena Bano, Divya Swami, Nadeem Ahmad

Abstract :

Background: Cardiovascular diseases have now become the first and second leading causes responsible for one–third of all deaths (1).The relationship of obesity and high blood pressure with cardiovascular system is well documented for young, middle aged and older men (2). Most of the individuals aged 35 years or more have Systolic Blood pressure (SBP) and Diastolic Blood pressure (DBP) above optimal limits (<120/<80) mmHg). This cross sectional study measures the effect of various anthropometric parameters and blood pressure in hypertensive male and female subjects. Materials and Method: Study subjects of both sexes were grouped into two groups.Group A (n–50) included hypertensive male patients aged 40 years and above. Group B (n=50) included Hypertensive female patients of age group 40 years and above. The data was entered in a predesigned and pretested Performa. Three Blood Pressure readings were taken with a standard Mercury Sphygmomanometer. Average of these readings was considered as the blood pressure of the person (3, 4). Results: The data was analysed using statistical SPSS software. The Mean SBP of Group A i.e. males was 155 mmHg and that of Group B i.e. females was 148 mm Hg. Although the mean value of SBP in males was slightly higher in males compared to females as shown by the ‘p‘ value (>0.10) but it was not statistically significant. The DBP in Group ‘A‘ males had a Mean value of 96 mm Hg and females a mean value of DBP 98 mm Hg. The p value is not significant. The mean values of weight in males although was higher in males 69 Kilograms as compared to females 53 Kilograms and the p value (0.001) was significant. There was no significant difference in values on compå the BMI, WHpR (Waist Hip Ratio) and WHtR (Waist Height Ratio), the ‘p‘ value in both the groups was statistically not significant. Conclusion: In conclusion it was observed that Waist Girth and Waist hip Ratio (WHpR) in males and BMI in females are important risk factors of SBP in Hypertensive subjects. Increased Waist Girth (WG), BMI, WHpR are associated with increased DBP but varies with age and gender.

Keywords :

Article: Download PDF   DOI : 10.36106/ijar  

Cite This Article:

Rubeena Bano, Divya Swami, Nadeem Ahmad Study of Association of Anthropometric parameters of Obesity and Blood Pressure in Hypertensive subjects in a Tertiary Care Hospital Indian Journal of Applied Research,Volume : 6 | Issue : 10 | October 2016


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