Volume : VII, Issue : XII, December - 2017

Study Of variations In origin Of Medial Circumflex Femoral Artery In Human Cadavers

Dr. Sachin Dinesh Kashyap, Dr Tarkeshwar Golghate, Dr Arun Pundlikrao Kasote

Abstract :

 Introduction: Medial circumflex femoral artery is a anch of profunda femoris artery. It arises from the posteromedial aspect of the profunda femoris artery in the femoral triangle. It is an important artery in supplying blood to the head and neck of the femur, to the adductor muscles and to fatty tissue in the acetabular fossa. Because of its close relationship with this area there is a high risk of severing the artery after trauma orduring operations such as total hip arthroplasty. Accurate knowledge of anatomical variations regarding origin of medial circumflex femoral artery is important for clinicians in the present modern era of interventional radiology. The expanding scope of interventional radiology has prompted this study.

 

Material and Methods: The study was done by dissection method. In the present study, hundred limbs of formaldehyde embalmed cadavers irrespective of their sex,  without malformations were dissected and site and distance of origin of the medial circumflex femoral artery  from the profunda femoris artery studied by dissection method. When the artery  originated from the femoral artery proximal or distal separation of medial circumflex femoral arteriy  from profunda femoris artery was measured.

                 

Results :The most common site of origin of Medial Circumflex Femoral Artery observed to be from Profunda Femoris Artery, on right side 76% and on left side 80%.

 It  originated directly from femoral artery in 16% on right side and 12 % on left side and as common trunk from profunda femoris artery in 8% of cadavers on both sides. Distance of origin of  Medial Circumflex Femoral Artery from origin of Profunda Femoris Artery  was recorded most commonly between 0–2cm on both sides.

Conclusion :These variations of the origins of Medial circumflex femoral artery needs to be taken into account and considered in all the surgical and interventional procedures. It was found that the origin of medial circumflex femoral artery directly from the femoral artery was associated with more distal separation of profunda femoris artery from the femoral artery.

Article: Download PDF   DOI : 10.36106/ijar  

Cite This Article:

Dr. Sachin Dinesh Kashyap, Dr Tarkeshwar Golghate, Dr Arun Pundlikrao Kasote, Study Of variations In origin Of Medial Circumflex Femoral Artery In Human Cadavers, INDIAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH : Volume-7 | Issue-12 | December-2017


Number of Downloads : 114


References :