Volume : IX, Issue : VIII, August - 2020

Effect of 4 weeks of Pranayama training and 6 min walk test on blood pressure in healthy subjects.

Pooja Agrawal, Abhishek Sinha, Rinku Garg

Abstract :

Introduction : Yoga, a mind body technique involves relaxation, meditation and a set of physical exercises performed in sync with eathing. The word “Pranayama” is made up of two words, Prana and Ayama. Prana stands for the capacity to keep body alive by air, i.e eathe and Ayama means expansion, stretching or extention and control of eath. Yoga helps to improve the cardiovascular efficiency and homeostatic control of the body. Hence we decided to study the effect of Pranayama on blood pressure in healthy subjects. Materials and Methods: It was a longitudinal study. 30 healthy subjects of age group 18–30 years were recruited for this study. The study was conducted in the Department of Physiology, Santosh Medical College and Hospitals, Ghaziabad. Blood pressure was measured by using a sphygmomanometer using palpatory and auscultatory method. Six minute walk test was conducted as per American Thoracic Society (ATS) guideline. 40 minutes yoga training 2 times per week. The training consisted of warm up for 5 min, Pranayama for 25 min and Meditation for 10 min. Statistical Analysis: Data was entered in to MS Excel and expressed as Mean and SD. Differences between groups before and after intervention was assessed by t–test using SPSS 23.0 software. Results: It was observed that there was a statistically significant decrease in systolic blood pressure after 4 weeks of Pranayama training which decreased from 118.20 + 6.376 mmHg to 114.07 + 5.693 mmHg after Pranayama (p < 0.001). There was a statistically significant decrease in diastolic blood pressure after 4 weeks of Pranayama training which decreased from 76.80 + 5.268 mmHg as compared to 72.73 + 4.968 mmHg after 4 weeks of Pranayama training (p < 0.001). There was a statistically significant increase in walk distance on six minute walk test after 4 weeks of Pranayama training from 526.67 + 25.795 m to 682.60 + 25.425 m after 4 weeks of Pranayama training (p < 0.001). Discussion: The present study revealed that there was a significant decline in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure after Pranayama. There was a significant increase in six–min walked distance after Pranayama.

Keywords :

Article: Download PDF    DOI : 10.36106/ijsr  

Cite This Article:

EFFECT OF 4 WEEKS OF PRANAYAMA TRAINING AND 6 MIN WALK TEST ON BLOOD PRESSURE IN HEALTHY SUBJECTS., Pooja Agrawal, Abhishek Sinha, Rinku Garg INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH : Volume-9 | Issue-8 | August-2020


Number of Downloads : 16


References :