Volume : IV, Issue : II, February - 2015

ONWARD MARCH OF DEPRESSED CLASSES TOWARDS MOVEMENT: TRACK TO NON–BRAHMIN VIOLENT RESENTMENT IN COLONIAL TAMIL REGION DURING 1919–1937

R. Sujitha Kumari

Abstract :

The term depressed classes used in official records between 1920 and1935 by the British, denotes the people those who socially, economically and politically oppressed by the dominated castes. These depressed classes realized their degradable position due to the introduction of English education which allowed all people in schools irrespective of their castes. In addition their organisations and leaders kindled them to fight for their rights. In the first half of 20th century it shaped into a movement called depressed class movement. The liberating sense of depressed classes infuriated the dominated castes especially Brahmins and non–ahmin caste–Hindus. Though Brahmins opposed the movement of depressed classes they did not attack them directly. They used non–ahmin caste–Hindus as a weapon to attack depressed classes. Consequently heavy violent outburst started throughout Tamilnadu. Strict rules imposed on depressed classes and compelled to obey that order. Those who violated that rules were ruthlessly attacked their houses were burnt. This paper investigates the stages of depressed classes movement led by the depressed class leaders and sangams and its subsequent violent outbursts led by non–Brahmins. The terms Adi–dravida and caste–Hindus have been used in few places to mention depressed classes and non–Brahmins respectively.

Article: Download PDF    DOI : https://www.doi.org/10.36106/paripex  

Cite This Article:

R.SUJITHA KUMARI ONWARD MARCH OF DEPRESSED CLASSES TOWARDS MOVEMENT: TRACK TO NON-BRAHMIN VIOLENT RESENTMENT IN COLONIAL TAMIL REGION DURING 1919- 1937 Paripex‾Indian Journal Of Research, Vol: 4, Issue : 2 February 2015


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