Volume : IX, Issue : VII, July - 2020

Prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and associated risk factors

Rohit S Shukla, Anshuman Sharma

Abstract :

Introduction– Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most prevalent diseases. A worldwide study of COPD prevalence from sites in 12 different countries found an overall prevalence of 10.1%. However, most patients with COPD remain undiagnosed in the community. Aim and Objective – A study, to assess the prevalence of COPD with the associated risk factors. Methods– A population–based cross–sectional descriptive study was conducted in department of Pulmonary medicine, Shivpuri Medical College. Most of the participants in our study were farmers and laborers by occupation. The sample size was 1032 participants aged more than 40 years. Results– 250 underwent post–onchodilator spirometry. Mean±SD age of the study population was 52.19±14.45 years. 405 of the respondents were either previous or current smokers. Most common respiratory infection was cough (561 cases) followed by phlegm (136 cases). Conclusions– High burden of COPD can be seen in cases. The study depicts major challenges in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with COPD, largely due to a lack of disease awareness together with a shortage of expertise and diagnostic tools

Keywords :

COPD   Smoking   Risk factors   Spirometry   Cough   Prevalence  

Article: Download PDF    DOI : https://www.doi.org/10.36106/paripex  

Cite This Article:

PREVALENCE OF CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS, Rohit S Shukla, Anshuman Sharma PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH : Volume-9 | Issue-7 | July-2020


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