Volume : VII, Issue : V, May - 2018

Review of epidemiological factors of preterm deliveries: Study of 505 cases

Dr Amit Sharad Naik, Dr Saudamini Amit Naik

Abstract :

 Preterm birth has been a significant cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity for centuries, Preterm birth is a major problem

responsible for difference in infant mortality & morbidity in developing & developed countries This retrospective study was carried
out in the Dept of Obstetrics & Gynecology of a rural medical college between Jan 2015 & Dec 2016, to Review the
Epidemiological factors of preterm labour & to Evaluate neonatal outcome of preterm deliveries in rural area. All mother who
delivered between 21 to <37 weeks from LMP was taken as criteria & studied. Detailed obstetric history about any past preterm
labour, spontaneous or induced abortion, and other epidemiological factors were noted. Total 505 preterm labours were studied
amongst 6340 deliveries during the study period.
RESULTS:– maximum preterm deliveries were noted amongst unregistered primigravidas, most of them were spontaneous in
onset. Maximum cases belonged to lower socio – economic group and were illiterate. Neonatal survival rate was maximum for
gestational age 35 – 37 weeks & weight 1.5 to 2.5gm. survival rate was found better in the group in whom delivery was prolonged
with tocolysis & steroid was given.
CONCLUSION:– Epidemiological factors, socioeconomic status, maternal education and previous preterm delivery can be
important predictors of predisposition for preterm labour. An obstetrician who first comes in contact with the antenatal patient
needs to consider these points for counseling and differentiating high risk patients with regard to preterm labour.

Article: Download PDF    DOI : https://www.doi.org/10.36106/paripex  

Cite This Article:

Dr Amit Sharad Naik, Dr Saudamini Amit Naik, Review of epidemiological factors of preterm deliveries: Study of 505 cases, PARIPEX‾INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH : Volume-7 | Issue-5 | May-2018

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