Volume : VIII, Issue : VI, June - 2019

Screening of common TTIs in the blood bank of a tertiary care centre- A five years retrospective study.

Deka R. , Gogoi B. , Brahma V.

Abstract :

Introduction: Transfusion Transmitted infections create a significant burden on health care system. A number of diseases can be transmitted through blood transfusion of infected blood or blood components. Although blood transfusion is a specialised modality of patient management, it is associated with large number of complications too. Some are life threatening. Therefore, meticulous pre– transfusion screening and testing of the blood are mandatory. Infected individuals serve as an asymptomatic reservoir and a potential source of transmission of TTIs. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of TTI among donors in the blood bank of JMCH, Jorhat. Method: This is a retrospective review of the healthy donor records covering the period between January 2013 to December 2017. The samples were screened for HIV, HbsAg, HCV, Syphilis and Malaria. The data were analysed statistically. Result: A total 48,603 samples of blood were screened. In our study the prevalence of HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C virus, Syphilis and Malaria were 0.31%, 0.62%, 0.48%, 0.54% and 0.03% respectively. By using strict donor criteria and sensitive screening tests the incidence of TTIs may be possible to reduce in our country. Conclusion: All the donors must be screened for TTI, ensuring safe blood supply to the recipients. Establishment of strict guidelines for blood transfusion, strict donor selection criteria and sensitive screening tests, the incidence of TTIs may be reduced

Article: Download PDF    DOI : https://www.doi.org/10.36106/paripex  

Cite This Article:

SCREENING OF COMMON TTIS IN THE BLOOD BANK OF A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE- A FIVE YEARS RETROSPECTIVE STUDY., Deka R., Gogoi B., Brahma V. PARIPEX‾INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH : Volume-8 | Issue-6 | June-2019


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