Volume : VIII, Issue : VII, July - 2019

A cross sectional study for Screening of the risk factors of Diabetes among rural population

Dr. Sushma Debuka, Dr. Rahul Kewal Kumar

Abstract :

Background: The rise in diabetes mellitus (DM) has made it a major public health problem & a disaster of major proportion of Populations in India . This scenario becomes worse in rural setup where limited heath care facilities are available. So, to detect risk of diabetes the determinants of type-2 DM in people who are ≥45 years of age a study was done by selective screening methodology in rural area of Arang Block of Raipur district Methods: A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted in Arang block of Raipur District during 22nd April to 30th May 2019 among those who are at risk of developing DM, as per the WHO guidelines on Laboratory Diagnosis and monitoring of Diabetes Mellitus . Blood glucose estimation was done using a blood glucose meter. Personal Interview, Anthropometric measurements & Clinical Examination was done and a Pre-designed Questionnaire form was filled from every study subject. Analyzed on SPSS. Results: 8.4 % of the persons above the age of 45 years were diabetic. Study also revealed the proportion of people diagnosed with DM increases with increasing age groups. The difference between the post meal blood glucose level among the diabetics and nondiabetics was statistically significant. The proportion of diabetics was more among those who had family history of diabetes , BMI more than 25 and those with sedentary lifestyle. Conclusions: Implementation of preventive measures to reduce the burden of diabetes is needed. Identification of the various factors adversely related to glucose intolerance will help in evolving preventive strategies.

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Article: Download PDF    DOI : https://www.doi.org/10.36106/gjra  

Cite This Article:

A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY FOR SCREENING OF THE RISK FACTORS OF DIABETES AMONG RURAL POPULATION, Dr. Sushma Debuka, Dr. Rahul Kewal Kumar GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS : Volume-8 | Issue-7 | July-2019


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