Volume : VIII, Issue : II, February - 2019

Prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism in adult Kashmiri population.

Suhail Ahmad

Abstract :

Background: Subclinical hypothyroidism is a common endocrine disorder worldwide as well as in India. The clinical manifestations of hypothyroidism are varied including weight gain, cold intolerance, menstrual irregularities, lethargy, fatigue etc. The clinical spectrum of hypothyroidism varies from asymptomatic subclinical hypothyroidism through overt hypothyroidism to life threatening myxoedema coma. Aims and Objectives: The present study was designed to see the prevalence and distribution of subclinical hypothyroidism in adult Kashmiri population. Materials and methods: The study population consisted of a sample of four hundred healthy Kashmiri subjects aged 20 – 60 yrs of both sexes. Out of this 178 were males and 222 females. A detailed history was taken and general physical examination and systemic clinical examination was done to exclude the subjects known to suffer from any significant non – thyroidal illness or any thyroid related illness. Blood samples (venous) were taken and auto analyzed by the Elecys 1010 auto analyzer for estimation of serum levels of T3, T4 and TSH. Results: Out of total 400 subjects studied of whom 45% were males and 55% females, 72 patients (18%) had subclinical hypothyroidism including both males and females with female predominance. Out of 226 females, 54(24%) presented with subclinical hypothyroidism and out of 174 males, 18(11%) were having subclinical hypothyroidism. Conclusion: Subclinical Hypothyroidism is a significant health problem worldwide. Our study gives an idea of prevalence of this entity in adult Kashmiri population. Subclinical as well as overt hypothyroidism is significantly common in this part of the world and early diagnosis is the need of the hour.

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Article: Download PDF    DOI : https://www.doi.org/10.36106/gjra  

Cite This Article:

PREVALENCE OF SUBCLINICAL HYPOTHYROIDISM IN ADULT KASHMIRI POPULATION., Suhail Ahmad GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS : Volume-8 | Issue-2 | February-2019


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