Volume : VIII, Issue : IX, September - 2019

Risk factors affecting symptoms of depression in mothers of children with leukemia

Siska Natalia Situmeang, Bidasari Lubis, Elmeida Effendy, Olga Rasiyanti Siregar

Abstract :

The prevalence of depression in mothers of children with leukemia undergoing chemotherapy was as high as 91%, while the risk factors are still unclear. To analyze the risk factors for symptoms of depression in mothers of children with leukemia undergoing chemotherapy. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 41 mothers of children with leukemia undergoing chemotherapy at Haji Adam Malik Hospital from Feuary to May 2016. Subjects were selected by consecutive sampling technique. The mothers were interviewed to obtain demographic data. Symptoms depression level was assessed using Beck‘s Depression Inventory (BDI). The relationship between mothers age, gender of child, education level, socioeconomic status, and symptoms of depression in mothers were analysed using Chi-square test and Independent t-test. The risk factors were identified using logistic regression test. Variables with P<0.25 in the univariable analysis were further analyzed by the multivariable logistic regression model. A P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. The mean age of mothers in this study was 37.12 years (SD 6.92). Symptoms of depression proportion in this study was 61%. The lowest prevalence rate of depression (32%) is seen in mothers with a college diploma or bachelorís degree. There was a statistically significant relationship between education level, socioeconomic status, and symptoms of depression in mothers. Based on the results of multivariate analysis; low education level (OR=0.11; 95% CI, 0.02-0.62) and middle and high income (OR=0.13; 95% CI, 0.02-0.72) remained significant risk factors of symptoms of depression in mothers. Low eduation level and middle and high income increase the risk for symptoms of depression in mothers of children with leukemia undergoing chemotherapy.

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Article: Download PDF    DOI : https://www.doi.org/10.36106/gjra/700808  

Cite This Article:

RISK FACTORS AFFECTING SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSION IN MOTHERS OF CHILDREN WITH LEUKEMIA, Siska Natalia Situmeang, Bidasari Lubis, Elmeida Effendy, Olga Rasiyanti Siregar GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS : Volume-8 | Issue-9 | September-2019


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