Volume : VIII, Issue : XI, November - 2019

TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY: epidemiology, mode and type of injury and management. A study of tertiary care hospital in western India

Dr. Meghna Kinjalk, Dr. Dilraj Kadlas, Dr. Pooja Agarwal

Abstract :

The morbidity and quality of life after head injury is long and devastating.The symptoms may persist for lifetime and if not, then can be long enough to affect a person’s health/the working conditions and definitely the monetary factor for coping up with this comes into a larger picture.It is also one of the leading causes of lifelong disability or death worldwide. The presentation may vary between a conscious patient on arrival to the emergency room to a person with seizures, ear bleed or drowsiness. The various types of presentation go hand in hand with different types of head injury, its management, prognosis and long–term impact on a person’s life. Despite various studies and appropriate guidelines, the morbidity after head injury remains high. This study has a purpose to correlate various presentations of head injury, the epidemiology of head injury, types of head injury and its management options in a tertiary acre hospital. Objectives: a. To study the demographic profile and gender distribution of patients presenting to emergency room in a tertiary care hospital in western India. b. To study the mode and type of head injury, Imaging finding and its management. Methodology: It was a prospective study of consecutive 200 patients presenting to a tertiary care hospital: Mahatma Gandhi Mission’s Medical college and hospital, Kamothe, Navi Mumbai. Institute Ethical committee approval was obtained before the start of study. All the age group was included. There were no exclusion criteria. Result was tabulated and analysed at the end of the study. Result: This study enrolled 200 patients in which male were more common than female, young adults more commonly affected. Majority of patients were treated conservatively and improved. Conclusion: The most common cause of traumatic ain injury is road traffic accident and relating it with the most common age group , ings us to the conclusion of importance of safety measures on road amongst young adults. Hence , preventing the wrath of morbidity associated with the debilitating head injury. This also helps in improving the quality of life of the patient and the care giver.

Article: Download PDF    DOI : https://www.doi.org/10.36106/paripex/5301063  

Cite This Article:

TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY: EPIDEMIOLOGY, MODE AND TYPE OF INJURY AND MANAGEMENT. A STUDY OF TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN WESTERN INDIA, Dr. Meghna Kinjalk, Dr. Dilraj Kadlas, Dr. Pooja Agarwal PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH : Volume-8 | Issue-11 | November-2019


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