Volume : VII, Issue : VII, July - 2018

Study of Prevalence, Knowledge of Diabetic Complications and its associated factors amongst patients attending OPD: Hospital based Cross sectional study

Dr Avinash Chandra Srivastava

Abstract :

Background: Diabetes is a chronic disease, leading to many complications include micro vascular (nephropathy, retinopathy, and neuropathy) and macro vascular (stroke, myocardial infarction, and coronary artery disease) with co morbidities leads to a substantial decrease in the patients’ quality of life as well as socio–economic implications. It is a chronic disease with considerable impact on health status and quality of life and it is considered an urgent public health issue because it has a pandemic potential. Objectives:The main aim of this study was to determine diabetic complications and its associated factors. It also aimed to assess the knowledge of diabetic patients about the related complications. Material and Methods: A descriptive, observational, cross sectional study was conducted in the diabetes clinic of Ram ManoharLohia Combined Hospital, Lucknow. The study population included all the Type 2 diabetic subjects who attended the clinic from November 2017 to April 2018. 360 subjects were selected by systematic random sampling. A pre–designed and pre–tested schedule was used for data collection. Data were collected regarding socio–demographic characteristics and duration of diabetes.HbA1C levels were estimated. The data were analysed using statistical software SPSS 20.Proportions and Chi–square test were used for analysis. Results:Out of 360 diabetic patients, 140 (39%) had one or more complications while 220 (61%) did not have any complications. It was found that cardiovascular complications were present in 120 (33.3%) patients, cereovascular complications were present in 35 (9.7%) patients, peripheral vascular disease was present in 25 (7%) patients, while 50 (14%) patients were having diabetic nephropathy,130 (36.1%)patients were having diabetic neuropathy and 110 (30.5%) patients were suffering from diabetic retinopathy. Significant association was found between the complications with religion, socio–economic status, duration of diabetes,HbA1C.Also, significant association was found between duration of diabetes and HbA1C levels with each of theindividual complications. Conclusion: Early diagnosis, periodic screening .and blood sugar control may help to reduce the complications of Type 2 diabetes.

Article: Download PDF Journal DOI : 10.15373/22778179

Cite This Article:

Dr Avinash Chandra Srivastava, Study of Prevalence, Knowledge of Diabetic Complications and its associated factors amongst patients attending OPD: Hospital based Cross sectional study, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH : Volume-7 | Issue-7 | July-2018


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