Volume : III, Issue : IV, April - 2013

Acid Activated fly Ash, as a Novel Solid Acid Catalyst for Esterification of Acetic Acid

Anita Sharma, Stuti Katara, Sakshi Kabra, Ashu Rani

Abstract :

An efficient solid acid catalyst (AAFA) has been synthesized by mechanical and thermal activation of F–type fly ash (SiO2 and Al2 O3 >70%) followed by chemical activation using concentrated HCl at 110ºC. The activation of fly ash resulted in increased silica content (79%) and surface area (5.42 m2 /g) having sufficient silanol activity for esterification of n–butanol and acetic acid. The catalyst was characterized by XRD, FT–IR, and SEM techniques. The product n–butyl acetate is an important fine chemical intermediate, widely used in pharmaceutical and as flavoring agent in confectionary. The catalyst was completely recyclable without significant loss in activity up to five reaction cycles, which confers its stability during reaction. The work reports an innovative use of solid waste fly ash as an effective solid acid catalyst.

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Article: Download PDF   DOI : 10.36106/ijar  

Cite This Article:

Anita Sharma, Stuti Katara, Sakshi Kabra, Ashu Rani Acid Activated fly Ash, as a Novel Solid Acid Catalyst for Esterification of Acetic Acid Indian Journal of Applied Research, Vol.III, Issue.IV April 2013


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