Volume : IV, Issue : X, October - 2014

Water Type Vis–A–Vis Fluoride: A Study on Underground Water of Kanpur Dehat, UP, India

Neeraj Agnihotri, Vinay Pathak, Dr. Naseema Khatoon, Prof. Dr. Masihur Rahman

Abstract :

Fluoride is one of the most undesirable elements present in the drinking water. The occurrence of fluoride in underground water in India is mainly due to geological factors. In present study underground water from different blocks of Kanpur Dehat area was classified in to different types on the basis of ions present and relationship between fluoride and water types is established. The analysis of piper diagram of all 75 samples collected from different blocks of study area suggest that, cations were clustered within the plot area of 15–93% Na++K+, 0–33% Ca+2 and 68%–99% Mg2+, while anions felled within the area of 18–99% HCO3–, 0–56% Cl– and 50–99% SO42–. The majority of groundwater samples belonged to the Calcium–Magnesium–Bicarbonate type and Sodium–Potassium–Bicarbonate types. The graphical representation of cation– anion balance shows that out of 75 samples 72 samples were within acceptable limit ±10%. It was observed in the present study that elevated fluoride in underground water was associated with Sodium–Potassium–Chloride–Sulphate and Sodium–Potassium–Bicarbonate water types. Also increase in fluoride is associated with increase in Na+, Cl–, SO4– and decrease in Ca++ and Mg++.

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Article: Download PDF   DOI : 10.36106/ijar  

Cite This Article:

Neeraj Agnihotri, Vinay Pathak, Dr. Naseema Khatoon, Prof. Dr. Masihur Rahman Water Type Vis-À-Vis Fluoride: A Study on Underground Water of Kanpur Dehat, Up, India Indian Journal of Applied Research, Vol.4, Issue : 10 October 2014


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